Timber Joints for Woodworking

Timber differs in structural characteristics. Any woodworker should have an understanding of timber to make sure that he can choose the right material for his projects. Timber is divided into three classes – structural material, shop and factory lumber and yard lumber. It is subdivided into common lumber and select lumber.

clamping square joint

Common lumber is used for utility purposes and general construction. It is identified from different grade names.

  • 1 – Also known as watertight lumber, No. 1 is tight knotted and durable. It can be used without waste.
  • 2 – No. 2 common lumber is usually used for sheathing, framing and other structural forms where the strain or stress isn’t too much. Its general quality is similar to No. 1.
  • 3 – No. 3 common lumber is ideal for rough work like rough flooring, footing and guardrails. It allows some waste.
  • 4 – It has coarse features such as holes and decay. No. 4 is used for roof boards, sheathing and subfloors in cheaper construction. It is often used for crates and boxes.
  • 5 – No. 5 is used for crates, dunnage and boxes with low quality requirements. It’s not manufactured in some timber varieties.

Select lumber has an excellent finish and physical appearance.

  • Grade A – practically clear and ideal for natural finishes
  • Grade B – generally clear and perfect for natural finishes like Grade A
  • Grade C – ideal for high quality paint finish
  • Grade D – perfect for paint finishes between common grades and high-finishing grades

Sizes Available

Timber is usually sawn into average dimensions, providing uniformity in ordering materials and planning structures. Standards have been set for dimension differences regarding the quoted dimensions of timber and its average sizes when dressed. Quoted size indicates dimensions before surfacing. The common dimension difference is 2″ x 4″. It will be the nominal dimension, but the real dressed size is 1 ½” x 3 ½”. The exact size of dressed timber is less than the sawn dimensions due to finishing and drying.

Uses of Timber

Timber is used in frame construction. It used mainly for the walls and frame. For frames, it is used to support the finished parts of a structure such as the joists, beams and girders, posts, top plates, rafters, subfloors, knee braces and sole plates. Softwoods are also used for wood framing. No.2 common lumber is often used for framing. Girders, beams and other heavy frame parts are made by combining various components of the framing material.

The outside walls of a frame structure usually have three layers – the siding, sheathing and building paper. Grade No. 2 common softwood is typically used for the siding and sheathing. This grade has solid knots and doesn’t have spaces. Siding is either horizontally or vertically applied. There are various types of bevel and drop siding that can be applied horizontally.

For more information, visit https://toproutertables.com/timber-joint-types/. You will learn what type of timber joint you should use for your woodworking project. This way, you can build tables and other woodworking projects without wasting time, money and effort on the wrong materials.

Benefits of A Floor Steamer vs Vacuum

Benefits And Disadvantages Of A Steam Cleaner Vs A Normal Vacuum Cleaner

If you have a dirty floor or carpet then odds are you are in the habit of taking out a vacuum cleaner to get the job done? But maybe you are not getting the kind of shining floors or dirt free carpet you truly desire… That’s where the benefit of a hot water carpet steam cleaner or hardwood floor steamer can come in handy.

hardwood floor steamerWith a carpet steam cleaner for example you will be able to remove additional dirt, germs and spots with the high pressure steam. This is not something that you would see in a regular vacuum cleaner, making the steam cleaner a bit superior if you compare them side, by side.

Some of the steam cleaners will also work with a water filter as opposed to a normal filter where everything gets sucked up into a bag, making it easier and faster to clean. If you have seen the infomercials you know what I’m talking about here. And yes, that is quite the time saver when it comes to taking care of the machine.

Many of the popular brands of steam cleaners will also have a hardwood floor cleaner that is great for removing additional “hard to get” spots that might be sunk into the flooring as the water is able to penetrate and loosen up the dirt. You will want to use a “mop” version of a steam cleaner as it is possible that the water might hurt the material.

As water is not good for wood in general it doesn’t make sense to spray it with hot water like you would with a steam cleaner. However, the hardwood floor cleaners are a great alternative for hardwood floors.

I have seen several people use a pocket steam mop as an alternative and had no damage done to their floor. Like I said, if you are uncertain simply refrain from using a steam cleaner on materials that might get damaged from water or heat!

Another thing about a steam cleaner versus the regular vacuum is that you probably want to vaccuum regularly more often than steam clean as steaming your carpet might leave the carpet damp, and will not always get all the little things that might get stuck. This isn’t ideal for your carpet in general.

The biggest and best benefit of using a steam cleaner is the lack of chemicals that your home is exposed to, so if you are thinking about getting one of these mops, steam cleaner or steam vacuums I highly recommend them!